Orkney

Lighthouses on the Orkney Islands

In Salutem Omnium
For the Safety of All
Isle of Hoy
Flag of Scotland
© Composted by:
Bob Schrage
updated: 28-08-2017

2.8 Orkney Islands - Click on one of the lighthouses to see the details


Table of Lighthouses - The Orkney Islands
Name Est Engineer Lat, Lon Character Range Admiralty Authority
Auskerry 1866 David L. Stevenson/
Thomas Stevenson
59°01.562' N, 02°34.337' W Fl W 20s 33.3km/18nM A3680 Northern Lighthouse Board
Brough of Birsay 1925 David A. Stevenson 59°08.213' N, 03°20.345' W Fl(3) W 25s 29km/18nM A3700 Northern Lighthouse Board
Cantick Head 1858 David L. Stevenson/
Thomas Stevenson
58°47.225' N, 03°07.882' W Fl W 20s 33.3km/18nM A3602 Northern Lighthouse Board
Copinsay 1915 David A. Stevenson 58°53.783' N, 02°40.323' W Fl(5)W 30s 38.9km/21nM A3696 Northern Lighthouse Board
Hellier Holm 1893 David A. Stevenson 59°01.154' N, 02°54.090' W Fl WRG 10s 26km/14nM A3684 Orkney Islands Council
Hoy Sound High 1851 Alan Stevenson 58°56.140' N, 03°16.399' W Oc WR 8s 37km/20nM A3644.1 Northern Lighthouse Board
Hoy Sound Low 1851 Alan Stevenson 58°56.424' N, 03°18.604' W Iso 3s 24km/15nM A3644 Northern Lighthouse Board
North Ronaldsay 1789 Thomas Smith 59°23.381' N, 02°22.882' W Fl W 10s 38km/24nM A3722 Northern Lighthouse Board
Noup Head 1898 David L. Stevenson/
Thomas Stevenson
59°19.865' N, 03°04.235' W Fl W 30s 35km/22nM A3736 Northern Lighthouse Board
Start Point 1914 Robert Stevenson 59°16.638' N, 02°22.577' W Fl(2)W 20s 44.5km/24nM A3718 Northern Lighthouse Board
Sule Skerry 1895 David A. Stevenson/
Charles Stevenson
59°05.083' N, 04°24.440' W Fl(4) W 15s 34km/21nM A3868 Northern Lighthouse Board
Tor Ness 1980 John Smit Stevenson 58°46.704' N, 03°17.792' W Fl W 5s 37km/17nM A3600 Northern Lighthouse Board

Orkney Islands



Orkney Flag Orkney

Orkney /ˈɔːrkni/ (Scottish Gaelic: Arcaibh), also known as the Orkney Islands, is an archipelago in the Northern Isles of Scotland, United Kingdom. Situated off the north coast of Great Britain, Orkney is 16 kilometers (10 mi) north of the coast of Caithness and comprises approximately 70 islands, of which 20 are inhabited.

The largest island, Mainland , often referred to as "the Mainland", has an area of 990 km2 (380 mi2), making it the sixth-largest Scottish island and the tenth-largest island in the British Isles. The largest settlement and administrative centre is Kirkwall. The total population on the island is 21,329 (2011)

In addition to the Mainland, most of the islands are in two groups, the North and South Isles, all of which have an underlying geological base of Old Red Sandstone. The climate is mild and the soils are extremely fertile, most of the land being farmed. Agriculture is the most important sector of the economy.

Orkney /ˈɔːrkni/ (Scottish Gaelic: Arcaibh[1][2]), also known as the Orkney Islands,[Notes 1] is an archipelago in the Northern Isles of Scotland, situated off the north coast of Great Britain. Orkney is 16 kilometers (10 mi) north of the coast of Caithness and comprises approximately 70 islands, of which 20 are inhabited.[4][5][6] The largest island Mainland is often referred to as "the Mainland". It has an area of 523 square kilometers (202 sq mi), making it the sixth-largest Scottish island and the tenth-largest island in the British Isles.[7] The largest settlement and administrative centre is Kirkwall.[8] A form of the name dates to the pre-Roman era and the islands have been inhabited for at least 8500 years, originally occupied by Mesolithic and Neolithic tribes and then by the Picts. Orkney was invaded and forcibly annexed by Norway in 875 and settled by the Norse. The Scottish Parliament then re-annexed the earldom to the Scottish Crown in 1472, following the failed payment of a dowry for James III's bride Margaret of Denmark.[9] Orkney contains some of the oldest and best-preserved Neolithic sites in Europe, and the "Heart of Neolithic Orkney" is a designated UNESCO World Heritage Site. Orkney is one of the 32 council areas of Scotland, a constituency of the Scottish Parliament, a lieutenancy area, and a historic county. The local council is Orkney Islands Council, one of only three Councils in Scotland with a majority of elected members who are independents.[Notes 2] In addition to the Mainland, most of the islands are in two groups, the North and South Isles, all of which have an underlying geological base of Old Red Sandstone. The climate is mild and the soils are extremely fertile, most of the land being farmed. Agriculture is the most important sector of the economy. The significant wind and marine energy resources are of growing importance, and the island generates more than its total yearly electricity demand using renewables. The local people are known as Orcadians and have a distinctive Orcadian dialect of Scots and a rich inheritance of folklore. There is an abundance of marine and avian wildlife.
References
XXX-
XXX-
XXX-
XXX-